Jamestown Foundation: Moscow Criticises US Think-Tank for Spreading Anti-Russian Propaganda
MOSCOW, Dec 7 (Reuters) – Russia accused a U.S. think-tank on Friday of spreading anti-Russian propaganda by hosting a debate on violence in the turbulent Ingushetia region neighbouring Chechnya.
The Foreign Ministry said Russia was surprised the United States, with whom relations have deteriorated this year, had let the debate go ahead last week in Washington.
The Jamestown Foundation publishes reports on international conflicts and monitors unrest in Russia’s North Caucasus area. Its weekly newsletter is largely critical of Russian policy.
The ministry said the sole aim of last week’s debate had been to misinform the U.S. public about Russian policy in the north Caucasus.
“Organisers again and again resorted to deliberately spreading slander about the situation in Chechnya and other republics of the Russian north Caucasus using the services of supporters of terrorists and pseudo-experts,” the ministry said.
“Speakers were given carte blanche to spread extremist propaganda, incite ethnic and inter-religious discord.”
The think-tank said Russia was trying to intimidate it.
“It shows that they feel threatened by us,” Foundation president Glen Howard said in a telephone interview.
“They’re intimidated by the power of the free word and this goes against the state manipulation of the media in Russia.”
The foundation’s board includes Zbigniew Brzezinski who was national security advisor to former U.S. President Jimmy Carter.
Separatist rebels in Chechnya have fought a conflict with Russia since 1994 and violence has risen in Ingushetia this year. The Kremlin wants to present the North Caucasus as stable, with Chechnya now controlled by a former rebel leader. (Writing by James Kilner; Additional reporting by Andy Sullivan in Washington; Editing by Timothy Heritage and Robert Woodward)
James H. Burnley – Vice Chairman
Peter C. Cook
Willem deVogel – Treasurer
Edward O. Gaylord
James G. Gidwitz – Chairman
Marshall I. Goldman
Patrick W. Gross
Ralph W. Hauenstein
Artemis A. W. Joukowsky
Woody N. Peterson – General Counsel, Secretary
Clinton I. Smullyan
Michelle Van Cleave
Counselor, Center for Strategic & International Studies; and Robert E. Osgood Professor of American Foreign Policy, the Paul Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, Washington, DC.
From 1977 to 1981, National Security Advisor to the President of the United States. In 1981 awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom “for his role in the normalization of U.S.-Chinese relations and for his contributions to the human rights and national security policies of the United States.”
OTHER CURRENT ACTIVITIES Public and Pro Bono Honorary Chairman, AmeriCares Foundation (a private philanthropic humanitarian aid organization); Co-Chairman, American Committee for Peace in Chechnya; Member, Board of Directors, Jamestown Foundation; Member, Board of Trustees, Freedom House (a non-profit institution dedicated to the promotion of freedom); Member, Board of Trustees, International Crisis Group; Trustee, Trilateral Commission (a cooperative American-European-Japanese forum); Member, Board of Directors, Polish-American Enterprise Fund and of the Polish-American Freedom Foundation; Member, Honorary Board of American Friends of Rabin Medical Center; Chairman, International Advisory Board for the Yale Project on “The Culture & Civilization of China”; Member, International Honorary Committee, Museum of the History of Polish Jews in Warsaw; etc.
Private Sector: International advisor to major U.S./global corporations; frequent participant in annual business/trade conventions; also a frequent public speaker, commentator on major domestic and foreign TV programs, and contributor to domestic and foreign newspapers and journals.
PAST ACTIVITIES U.S. Government: 1966-68, Member of the Policy Planning Council of the Department of State; 1985, Member of the President’s Chemical Warfare Commission; 1987-88, Member of the NSC-Defense Department Commission on Integrated Long-Term Strategy; 1987-89, Member of the President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (a Presidential commission to oversee U.S. intelligence activities).
Public and Political: 1973-76, Director of the Trilateral Commission; in the 1968 presidential campaign, chairman of the Humphrey Foreign Policy Task Force; in the 1976 presidential campaign, principal foreign policy advisor to Jimmy Carter. In 1988, co-chairman of the Bush National Security Advisory Task Force. Past Member of Boards of Directors of Amnesty International, Council on Foreign Relations, Atlantic Council, the National Endowment for Democracy.
Academic: On the faculty of Columbia University 1960-89; on the faculty of Harvard University 1953-60. Ph.D., Harvard University, 1953; B.A. and M.A., McGill University 1949 & 1950. His most recent book is THE GRAND CHESSBOARD: American Primacy and its Geostrategic Imperatives; Also author of the best-seller THE GRAND FAILURE: The Birth and Death of Communism in the 20th Century, as well as of OUT OF CONTROL: Global Turmoil on the Eve of the 21st Century; GAME PLAN: How to Conduct the U.S.-Soviet Contest; POWER AND PRINCIPLE: Memoirs of the National Security Advisor, 1977-1981; THE FRAGILE BLOSSOM: Crisis and Change in Japan; BETWEEN TWO AGES: America’s Role in the Technetronic Era; THE SOVIET BLOC: Unity and Conflict; and of other books and many articles in numerous U.S. and Foreign academic journals.
Honors: In 1995, awarded the Order of the White Eagle, Poland’s highest civilian decoration, for his contributions to recovery by Poland of its independence; also highest civilian decorations from the governments of Ukraine, the Czech Republic, Lithuania, Hungary, and Slovakia. Honorary degrees from Georgetown University, Williams College, Fordham University, College of the Holy Cross, Alliance College, the Catholic University of Lublin, Warsaw University, the University of Tbilisi, the University of Vilnius, the Ukrainian Free University, the Jagiellonian University, Comenius University (Bratislava); Honorary Citizenship from the City of Lviv; Centennial Medal of the Graduate School of Arts & Sciences of Harvard University; the Hubert Humphrey Award for Public Service from the American Political Science Association; the U Thant Award; the David Rockefeller International Leadership Award; as well as fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation, Ford Foundation, etc. In 1969, elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 1963, selected by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce as one of America’s Ten Outstanding Young Men of the Year.
PERSONAL: Born in Warsaw, Poland, 1928; son of a diplomat posted to Canada in 1938; married to Emilie Anna (Muska) Benes, a graduate of Wellesley College, sculptor; three children: Ian, Mark, Mika.
James H. Burnley – Vice Chairman
Peter C. Cook was born on May 9, 1914, in Grand Rapids, Michigan. He is married to Pat and the father of two sons, Thomas M. and Stephen J. Mr. Cook has three grandchildren Laura, Ryan, and Kristen.
Mr. Cook was educated at South High School and Davenport Business College in Grand Rapids, Michigan. He has been associated with Import Motors Limited, Inc., from 1949 to 1980 and was named president of the company in 1954. Import Motors distributed Volkswagen and Porsche Audi automobile products in Michigan and Indiana. Mr. Cook sold this business in 1980. In 1977, he formed a new company called Transnational Motors, Inc., and began distributing Mazda automobile products in the states of Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Wisconsin under the name Mazda Great Lakes. He was chairman of the board and majority owner until he sold this business in 2000. Mr. Cook is currently the Chairman of Cook Holdings.
Peter Cook is a Greater Consistory Member of the Grace Reformed Church and has served on the Finance Committee of the Reformed Church in America. Mr. Cook is member of DOCA (Defense Orientation Conference Association).
He serves on the boards of: Blodgett-Butterworth Foundation, Davenport College (Honorary), Hope College (Honorary), Porter Hills Foundation, Gospel Communications, Woodland International, Mackinac Center, Jamestown Foundation, Alzheimer’s Association, West Michigan Chapter (Honorary), Peter C. and Pat Cook Health Sciences Research & Education Institute (Honorary), Van Andel Institute, Broadway Theatre Guild. He also is a member of the Rotary Club, University Club, Kent Country Club, Cascade Country Club, and the Peninsular Club. He is past chairman of the South Y.M.C.A., past board member of the Central Y.M.C.A., past chairman of the Kent County Republican Finance Committee, and also has served on the boards of Butterworth Hospital, Pine Rest Foundation, Mel Trotter Mission, Junior Achievement, Zondervan Corporation, Rotary Club, A. J. Sparks, Northwood Institute of Michigan, Northwood Institute of Florida, EMS Foundation, TV-17, America II, Michigan National Bank, Comerica Bank, Northern Air and Travel Consultants.
Honors include: Honorary Doctor of Letters, Hope College, 1981; Distinguished Philanthropist, West Michigan Chapter of National Society of Fund Raising Executives, 1987; Honorary Doctor of Laws, Davenport College of Business, 1987; Honorary Doctor of Laws, Northwood Institute, 1988; Grand Valley State Hall of Fame, 1988; Donald J. Porter Humanitarian Award, Grand Rapids YMCA, 1989; Greater Grand Rapids Business Hall of Fame, 1991; Economic Club of Grand Rapids Business Person of the Year, 1991; Honorary Doctor of Humanities, Grand Valley State University, 1991; Outstanding Business Leader Award, Northwood University, 1993; Honorary Doctor of Health Science, Research, and Education, Cook Institute 1995; Peter C. Cook Excellence in Business Award, Davenport College, 1998; Inducted to Grand Rapids Magazine Medical Hall of Fame, 2000; Distinguished Citizen Award, Boy Scouts of America, 2001; Hospice of Michigan Crystal Rose Award, 2001; The C. John Miller Business Leadership Award, Cornerstone University, 2002; Aquinas College Reflection Award, 2002.
Leisure-time activities include hunting, fishing, golf, Dixieland music, and collecting Western art and artifacts.
Diana Denman of San Antonio, Texas is a past member of the Board of Overseers of the Hoover Institute, serves on the Board of Advisors of the Center for Security Policy, is a Hillsdale College Associate, and member of the Philadelphia Society. As a Presidential Appointee, she has served as Co-Chairman of the United States Peace Corps Advisory Council, and also member of the Institute for Museum Services Board. Denman has been honored as the Distinguished Alumna of the Year at Mount Vernon College, and is a graduate of George Washington University.
Willem deVogel – Treasurer
Edward O. Gaylord
Edward O. (Ted) Gaylord worked for more than 25 years in the petroleum and chemical trucking and storage terminal business serving as Chief Executive Officer and Owner of Distribution Systems Inc. (DSI). The operations consisted of 600 tanker truck trailer units and large petroleum/ chemical storage facilities. In 1984, Gaylord sold the company to British conglomerate BET.
In 1985, Gaylord, along with Morgan Guaranty Trust Company of New York, purchased Presto Products, Inc. from the Coca-Cola Company. Presto, a $200 million plastic bag manufacturer, was sold to Reynolds Metals Company in 1988.
In 1989, Gaylord purchased a 50 % interest in Houston Fuel Oil Terminal Company, a four million-barrell storage facility on the Houston Ship Channel, in a joint venture with Shell Oil Company. Today the terminal has eight million barrels of storage.
In 1993, Gaylord formed Firebird Transport, a Russian distribution company. The company transported containers from Latvia, Lithuania, and Finland to its terminal in Moscow. Firebird was sold in 1998.
Kinder Morgan GP, Inc. (oil and gas pipelines and terminals).
YMCA of Greater Houston (Past Chairman).
Baylor College of Medicine (Board of Directors).
National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (Director).
James G. Gidwitz – Chairman
Marshall I. Goldman
Marshall I. Goldman is the Kathryn W. Davis Professor of Soviet Economics at Wellesley College and the Associate Director of the Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies at Harvard University. He is also a Senior Fellow of the Gorbachev Foundation of North America at Northeastern University. He earned a B.S. in economics from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania (1952), and an M.A. and Ph.D. in economics from Harvard University, as well as an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, 1985. He has also been elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Dr. Goldman’s publications include Lost Opportunity: What Has Made Economic Reform in Russia So Difficult? (Norton, 1996), Lost Opportunity: Why Economic Reforms in Russia Have Not Worked (W.W. Norton, 1994), What Went Wrong with Perestroika: The Rise and Fall of Mikhail Gorbachev (W.W. Norton, 1991), Gorbachev’s Challenge: Economic Reform in the Age of High Technology (1987), The USSR in Crisis: The Failure of an Economic Model (1983), The Enigma of Soviet Petroleum: Half Empty or Half Full? ((1980), Détente and Dollars: Doing Business with the Soviets (1975), The Spoils of Progress: Environmental Pollution in the Soviet Union (1972), and Ecology and Economics: Controlling Pollution in the 70’s (1972). Dr. Goldman publishes widely in Foreign Affairs, Atlantic Monthly, Boston Globe, Harvard Business Review, New York Times, Washington Post, and Los Angeles Times. He is a frequent guest on CNN and “Good Morning America” and has appeared on “NewsHour,” “Crossfire,” “Face the Nation,” “The Today Show,” “Nightline,” and NPR. Dr. Goldman’s latest book, The Piratization of the Russia: Russian Reform Goes Awry, was published by Routledge in April 2003.
Patrick W. Gross
Pat Gross is chairman of The Lovell Group, a business and technology advisory and investment firm he formed after stepping down as chairman of the executive committee of American Management Systems, Inc. (AMS) in 2002. AMS is a billion dollar revenue consulting and IT services firm which he founded with four colleagues in 1970. He currently serves as Senior Advisor to the firm assisting with major client engagements and relationships. He is non-executive chairman of the board of two companies whose principal owners are private equity firms: Baker & Taylor, Inc, owned by the Carlyle Group, and Aegis Communications owned by Thayer Capital and Questor Partners. Mr. Gross serves on a number of other public and private Boards of Directors including: Capital One Financial Corporation, a FORTUNE 500 and S&P 500 firm, and Computer Network Technology Corporation and Mobius Management Systems, NASDAQ companies. Mr. Gross also holds a number of other leadership positions: chairman of the research and policy committee of the Committee for Economic Development, vice chairman of the Council for Excellence in Government, and Chairman of the Intergovernmental Technology Leadership Consortium. He is also a Board member of the Aspen Institute, the All Kinds of Minds Institute, the Jamestown Foundation, the Foreign Policy Association, and the Georgetown University Hospital. He is a cofounder and former Chairman of the World Affairs Council of Washington, DC. He has been elected to membership in the Council on Foreign Relations. Mr. Gross received a bachelors degree from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute where he was elected to Tau Beta Pi and Sigma Xi. He received a masters degree from the University of Michigan, and an MBA from the Stanford Graduate School of Business.
Ralph W. Hauenstein
Mr. Hauenstein has been the President of Hauenstein Enterprises since 1980. Between 1933 and 1937, he was a member of the editorial staff of Grand Rapids Press- United Press International. In 1937, Mr. Hauenstein became City Editor of the Grand Rapids Herald. During World War II, Mr. Hauenstein was called upon to become Colonel Chief of the Intelligence Branch (G-2) at the headquarters of the European Theater of Operations; U.S. Army (1940-1946). Following the War, he became the President of Lehara Corporation in New York City. In 1968, Mr. Hauenstein was named Chairman of Werner Lehara Corporation of Grand Rapids, Michigan; a position he held until 1980. Mr. Hauenstein was appointed to the President’s Advisory Committee (PSAC) in 1960, and he is currently a Trustee of the Van Andel Institute; an Honorary Trustee of the President Gerald R. Ford Foundation; the Founder of the Hauenstein Parkinson Center; and the Founder of the Hauenstein Center for Presidential Studies at Grand Valley State University.
Mr. Hauslein is currently Managing Director of Hauslein & Company, Inc., a private equity firm and was previously, until May 2001, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Sunglass Hut International, Inc. From 1987 to 2001 Mr. Hauslein was a principal shareholder and from 1991-2001 served as Chairman of the Board of Sunglass Hut International, Inc., the world’s largest specialty retailer of non-prescription sunglasses and significant retailer of popular price point fashion watches, with almost 2,000 company-owned Sunglass Hut, Watch Station, Watch World and combination stores in the United States, Canada, the Caribbean, Europe, Asia, Australia, Singapore and New Zealand. In addition to being a significant shareholder from 1987 to 2001, and Chairman of the Board from 1991 to 2001, Mr. Hauslein also served as Chief Executive Officer of Sunglass Hut International in 1997-1998 and again in 2001. As part of his private equity investment activities through Hauslein & Company, Inc., Mr. Hauslein served on the Board of Directors of Crunch Fitness (a chain of 18 fitness clubs in 5 states and was acquired by Bally’s Total Fitness (NYSE) in December 2001), and will occasionally serve on the Board of Advisors of early stage businesses. From early 1995 through early 1997, and again in 1999 through 2000, while Mr. Hauslein was not Chief Executive Officer of Sunglass Hut, he pursued private equity investment activities through Hauslein & Company, Inc. In February 1997, Mr. Hauslein rejoined Sunglass Hut International with full operating authority and became acting Chief Executive Officer in May 1997. Mr. Hauslein relinquished his duties as Chief Executive Officer of Sunglass Hut in 1998, then again reassumed the duties of Chief Executive Officer in early 2001 Mr. Hauslein received his MBA in 1984, with Distinction, from Cornell University’s Johnson Graduate School of Management, and he received a Bachelor of Science Degree, in Chemical Engineering, from Cornell University in May 1981. He is a member of the Executive Committee and Advisory Council of the University wide Entrepreneurship and Personal Enterprise program, a member of The Johnson Graduate School of Management Advisory Council, the Engineering College Advisory Council, the Athletics Alumni Advisory Council, and is a member of the Cornell University Council. Mr. Hauslein is also a member of the Board of Trustees of the Boys Club of New York, a member of The Board of Directors of the Jamestown Foundation (Washington, D.C.), is a member of the Business Council for the United Nations (BCUN) located in New York. Mr. Hauslein has guest lectured in undergraduate and graduate level programs at Cornell University, and at executive management programs at the J.J. Kellogg Graduate School of Management at Northwestern University and The Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania. Mr. Hauslein has appeared on a variety of business news programs on CNBC, CNN and Fox News. Mr. Hauslein supports a variety of philanthropic causes spanning the arts, wildlife, the environment, and education.
Artemis A. W. Joukowsky
Artemis A. W. Joukowsky served as Chancellor of Brown University from 1997 to 1998 and Vice Chancellor from 1988 to 1997, and continues to serve the University as Chancellor Emeritus, Trustee and Fellow. Mr. Joukowsky served as a senior executive of the American International Group for a period of thirty years in New York, Milan, Beirut, and Hong Kong. In the course of his career with AIG, he was deputy director for Europe, regional director for the Middle East and Southeast Asia, and president of the Special World Markets Division until 1987. Mr. Joukowsky’s special commitment to philanthropy and community service is demonstrated by his membership in a range of civic, education, and service organizations. At present, he is Chairman of the Board of the American Center of Oriental Research in Amman, Jordan and President Emeritus of the Board of Trustees at the Lawrenceville School. He is a trustee of the Archaeological Institute of America, former trustee of the Providence Preservation Society and the King Hussein Foundation. He continues to serve Brown as Chancellor Emeritus and Fellow at Brown. The Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges recognized Mr. Joukowsky’s contributions to volunteer leadership in education with the National Distinguished Service Award in Trusteeship for the Year 2000.
Woody N. Peterson – General Counsel, Secretary
Woody Peterson is a partner at Dickstein Shapiro Morin & Oshinsky LLP and is a member of the Firm’s Litigation & Dispute Resolution Group. Mr. Peterson’s practice focuses on litigation (civil and appellate) and on employment law counseling for corporations, trade associations, and non-profit organizations. Litigation Mr. Peterson has litigated complex cases at all levels of the state and federal courts, in areas as diverse as antitrust, securities, employment law, and intellectual property law. These matters included the defense of a sex and race discrimination class action brought by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and a class of female and black employees under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the enforcement and collection of a $12 million arbitration award, and the defense of several major civil Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) cases. Mr. Peterson served as a senior member of the Dickstein Shapiro team retained as special counsel to investigate a multimillion dollar loss in a client’s real estate investment portfolio. That investigation led to the presentation of a 300-page report to the client’s executive board, and the recommendation that legal action be taken against those responsible for the losses. He was deeply involved in the ensuing litigation, which encompassed dozens of lawsuits in six states, based on fraud, negligence, and malpractice. Regulatory Practice Mr. Peterson’s regulatory practice experience includes the representation of a professional association in the course of a federal agency’s first substantive rulemaking proceeding in its 50-year history. This proceeding required the preparation of dozens of witnesses and the submission of a 200-page brief. The agency cited the brief extensively in adopting the client’s position in the final rule. After the rule was issued, the client intervened on behalf of the agency in the subsequent litigation seeking to overturn the rule. This case, which eventually went to the U.S. Supreme Court, ended with a landmark decision on the scope of the agency’s rule-making powers. Employment Law Counseling In addition to his regulatory and litigation qualifications, Mr. Peterson has broad experience in counseling and representing corporations, trade associations, and non-profit organizations in a wide variety of employment matters. He has worked with clients in preparing and reviewing employee handbooks, and keeps clients abreast of legal changes in the increasingly volatile field of employee relations. Clients contemplating adverse personnel actions are counseled so as to minimize the risk of legal action by the affected employees. Finally, Mr. Peterson has assisted clients in creating non-profit foundations designed to advance the clients’ interests in their industry. Prior to joining Dickstein Shapiro, Mr. Peterson briefed and argued cases in the U.S. Court of Appeals on behalf of the National Labor Relations Board, and served as Assistant General Counsel of a labor organization, where he handled litigation ranging from sex and race discrimination suits to a constitutional and statutory challenge to the President’s wage and price control program.
Clinton I. Smullyan
Michelle Van Cleave
President Bush appointed Michelle Van Cleave to the position of National Counterintelligence Executive (NCIX) on July 28, 2003, where she served until March, 2006. As the head of U.S. counterintelligence, the NCIX is charged with providing strategic direction to and ensuring the integration of counterintelligence activities across the government. Ms. Van Cleave currently serves as a Senior Research Fellow at the National Defense University and as a consultant to Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Ms. Van Cleave’s prior Executive Branch positions include Special Assistant to the Under Secretary for Policy, Department of Defense, where she had lead responsibility for homeland defense policy and organizational planning for the Office of the Secretary of Defense in the immediate aftermath of the September 11 terrorist attack. She also served under Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush as General Counsel and Assistant Director for National Security Affairs of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. Ms. Van Cleave has also held staff positions in both Houses of Congress, which included staff director of the Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Technology, Terrorism and Government Information; Chief Minority Counsel of the House Committee on Science, Space and Technology; and defense and foreign policy assistant to Congressman Jack Kemp and the House Republican Conference. In private life, Ms. Van Cleave was Of Counsel to the law firm of Feith & Zell, PC, and co-founder and President of National Security Concepts, Inc., of Washington, D.C. She was also an associate with the Los Angeles law firm of Horvitz and Levy. She is a member of the bar associations of the State of California and the District of Columbia. Ms. Van Cleave holds M.A. and B.A. degrees in International Relations from the University of Southern California (USC), and a J.D. degree from the USC School of Law.
Arthur Waldron is one of America’s leading scholars of China and East Asia. Dr. Waldron is Lauder Professor of International Relations at the University of Pennsylvania (1997-present) and Visiting Scholar and Director of Asian Studies at the American Enterprise Institute. He is also an associate in research at the Olin Institute for Strategic Studies, Harvard University (1994-present), and at the Fairbank Center for East Asian Research, Harvard University (1994-present). From 1991-1997 Dr. Waldron was a professor of strategy and policy at the U.S. Naval War College. In 1992, he served as an adjunct professor at Brown University.
His publications include: From War to Nationalism: China’s Turning Point, 1924-1925, 1995; The Great Wall of China: From History to Myth, 1992; How the Peace Was Lost: The 1935 Memorandum “Developments Affecting American Policy in the Far East,” 1992; and The Modernization of Inner Asia, editor, 1991.